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betway必威官网手机版-高中英语专题-熟词生义

文章来源: 发布时间:2014-06-24 08:26:21 点击数:

1. act n. 法案

2. address v. 称呼;向……发表演说

3. against prep.衬着,迎着,靠着

4. air n. 样子,摆架子;v. 播送

5.allergic adj. 极其讨厌的,厌烦的 be allergic to

6. arm n.武器 v.武装

7. back vt.支持

8. chance n.可能性 v.碰巧

9. company n.陪伴;伙伴

10. count vi.重要; It is not who you are but what you are that counts

count on sb. /depend on/relay on

11. cover v.走完(一段路),够付(费用),看完(多少页书);涉及;报导

(熟义:覆盖)

12. date n. 枣子;约会 make a date with…..

13. drive v. 驱赶; n. 驱动;精力

14. employ v. 使用

15. express adj. 直达的 n.快车

16. freeze v.不许动,停止走动

FreezeDrop your arms!不许动,放下武器!

17. foreign adj. 不熟悉;和……格格不入

The subject is foreign to me.我不熟悉这门学科。
18. industry n
.努力,勤勉

His success was due to industry.他的成功是由于勤勉

19. last adj. 最不可能的

When you are seasickthe sea is the last place you want to go

20. late adj. 已故的

The late Premier Zhou is respected by all the people in the world

21. plant n. 工厂

22.means n. 财富 a man of means

23.relate v.讲述 relate to 理解,体恤

24.counter v. 反驳,抵制,抵消

25.complex n. 建筑群;相关联的一组事物;情结

26.attempted adj. 未遂的

27.associate adj. 非正式的;副的

28.complex n.建筑群;相关联的事物;情结

29.spring v. 跳跃,蹦;突然出现;冷不防地问、突然说

spring up迅速出现,突然兴起

30.graduate n.毕业生

31.work v.起作用,奏效

32. due n. 应得的权利; 应得的东西

33.survive vt. 挺过(难关); 活得比….

34.wander v. 走神,神志恍惚,(思想)开小差

35.preserve n. (渔猎) 禁地

36.superior n 上级,上司,方丈

37.press n. 报刊,新闻界,出版社

38.express n. 特快列车;快递服务;快运服务

39.counter vt.反驳,抵制,抵挡

40.trick n. 诀窍 a trick to solving the problem

41.escape v. 被遗忘,被忽视

42. floor n. 发言权 take the floor; hold the floor

43. credit n. 学分;赊账 sell ….on credit

44. stand n. 货摊;立场 take a stand against…

45.crowd v. 涌上(心头); 涌入(脑海)

Memories crowded his mind.

46. acknowledge vt. 鸣谢

47.undertake v. 承诺,答应 undertake to do …

48. decline vt. 婉言拒绝

49.apply vt. ;;敷; Apply the scream sparingly to your face and neck. .

50.terribly adv. 相当,非常 I’m terribly sorry.

51. departure n. 违背,违反 It was a departure from tradition.

52. vain adj. 虚荣的 The girl is vain about her beauty.

53.press n. 报刊;新闻界;出版社

54.intelligence n. 情报;情报人员

55.bent n. 天资,禀赋 have a bent for…=have a talent/gift for…

56.shot n. 药物注射

57.zip vi, vt (使沿着方向)快速移动

58.drill n . 操练,训练

59.gesture n. 意图;姿态

60.fetch vt. ….卖得(某价)

61. plus n. 优势,好处,长处 =an advantage; a good thing

62.sharp adv. =exactly (准确地, …..)

Please be here at seven o’clock sharp

63.reservation n. 疑惑,保留意见

I have strong reservations about his ability to do this job.

=I am doubtful about ……

64.accomodation n. 和解, 调解

They were forced to reach an accommodation with the rebels

65.modest adj. 不太大的,不太贵的,

66fast adv. =firmly,/completely

She was fast asleep within a few minutes.

The car was fast stuck in the mud.

n. 禁食期,斋戒期 v. 禁食

go on a fast 开始禁食, break/end your fast 开斋

67Sound adj.明智的,合理真确的;无损伤的,完好的;酣畅的,香甜的

a person of sound judgement

safe and sound, be of sound mind

have a sound sleep

68.concrete adj. 具体的,有形的 specific

69.caution n. 警告,告诫 a word/note of caution 一句警告

70.gravity n. =seriousness

71.wrestle v. 努力对付/解决

72.systematic adj. =deliberate,

73.sympathy n. 赞同,支持

in sympathy with….. 赞同,支持, out of sympathy with不赞同,不支持

74.bid n. 努力争取 in a bid to do…

75.discrimination n. =difference/distinction

Learn the discrimination between right and wrong.

76.firm n. 公司,商行

78.lame adj. 无说服力的,站不住脚的 a lame excuse

常用词缀及示例

前缀及部分常用词根

a- 1. 表语性形容词 2. 加强意义 3. in, at, on

例: awake, aware, arise, arouse, aboard, abroad, ahead, alike, alive, asleep

fore beforehand, front, before 先,前,预

例: forecast, forefinger, forehead, foremost, foresee

mis- 坏,恶,误

例: misfortune, mislead, mistake, misunderstand, misuse

out- 超出,在外,出外,胜过,超过

例: outbreak, outcome, outlet, outline, outlook, output, outnumber outweigh

over- 过度,越过; 颠倒, 反转, 在上

例: overall, overcoat, overhead, overthrow, overcome, overseas

un- 不,无, 做相反的动作, 移开,消除

例: unable, unbearable, uncertain, uncover, unfit, unknown, unfold, unfair

unnecessary, unwilling, unlike, unlock, unpleasant

under- 在…下, 低于, 不足

例: underdeveloped, undergo, understand, underground, underlie, underwear underestimate

ab-, a- 脱离,离开,离去

例: abnormal, abortion, absent, abuse

bi- 二,两,重

例: biennial, bimonthly, bilingual

semi-

例: semiannual, semimonthly, semicircle

circum-,circu- 周围,环

例: circumstance, circuit, circulate, circle, circulation

com- 共同

例: collaborate, collect, co-operate, corporation, company

contra-, counter- 反,相对

例: contrast, controversial, counter, counteract, contradiction

de- 出,离;向下,贬低

例: depreciate (比:appreciate), degrade, destroy

dis-, di-, dif- 离, 分开;不,无;动作的相反或取消

例: disabled, dissuade, differ, disappear, disagree, dislike, disadvantage

inter- 在…之间, 相互

例: interaction, interfere, international, interrupt, interview

ex-, e-, ef- 出外, 除去,完全

例: emigrate, exclude, exhibition, expand

in-, im- 内,向内,

例: immigrate, include, imprison, indoors

extra- 以外,超过

例: extra, extraordinary

in-, im- 不,无,

例: impossible, illegal, illogical, inaccurate, irregular, impatient

常见后缀

-dom 表地位.身分.领域.条件.状况

例: freedom, kingdom, wisdom, boredom

-hood 表状态.地位.特征

例: childhood, brotherhood, motherhood, neighborhood

-ness 表状态.性质

例: happiness, likeness, sadness, weakness, darkness, goodness

-ship 表性质.情况.地位.身分

例: friendship, hardship, leadership, ownership, scholarship

-er,ar,or,ist,ant 表做某事的人 n)

例: painter, beggar, sailor, lawyer, liar, scientist, assistant, consultant assistant

-d, -ed 加在名等后构成形 adj) 后构成形 (过分形式) adj)

例: aged, talented, broken, golden-haired

-en ...做成的 v)

例: wooden, woolen, waxen, oaken

-fold 表倍数 (n) 例: twofold, fivefold

-ful 充满.....富有.... adj )

例: cheerful, doubtful, harmful, skilful, hopeful, fruitful

-ish ...........性质的 adj ) 例: boyish, girlish, selfish, blmish, blackish, greenish

-less ....... adj ) 例: fearless, harmless, hopeless, helpless, endless, aimless, needless

-like .. ...... adj ) 例: dreamlike, warlike, fatherlike, starlike

-ly .......性质的;加在形后构成副 adj. adv ) 例: manly, homely, lovely, friendly, kingly, widely, badly

-some ...........性质的 adj ) ....性质的 adj ) 例: tiresome, troublesome, burdensome

-ward ....... adv )

例: eastward, outward, upward, backward, forward, westward

例: windy, shady, muddy, icy, healthy, wealthy

-en (及物动词后缀)(使)成为,(使)变得更 v )

例: harden, shorten, deepen, sharpen, strengthen, frighten, widen

-age 行为,情况,总称 n )

例: marriage, usage, percentage, advantage

-ance, ancy,ence,ency 行为,行为结果,状态,性质 n )

例: abundance, guidance, excellence, frequency

-ice 构成抽象名词表行为.状态.性质 n )

例: practice, cowardice, service

-ment 行为,行为的结果.手段.状态 n )

例: payment, agreement, employment, improvement, equipment

excitement, judgment

pre- 先,前,超

例: precaution, preface, prefer, preview, prewar

re- 回,后退;再,又

例: remind, rewrite, react, replace, review, reveal, refine, recall

sub- 在…之下;低于,秘密地

例: subconscious, suffice, suppress, substandard, subsurface, subdivide

super-, sur- 上,超

例: superficial, surface, surplus, supermarket, superman, supernatural

trans-, tra- 跨越,转,传

例: transatlantic, transform, transmit, transport, tradition, translate

auto- 自己

例: automatic, automobile, autonomous, autonomy,

equ- 均,平等

例: equal, equality, equator

form 形式

formal, conform, deform, unform, reform, uniform

min-, mini- 较小,较少

例: minor, minute, miniature, minority, minus

port 持,拿,运

例: portable, porter, export, import, support, transport

press-

例: pressure, compress, express, impress

spec-

例: spectacle, aspect, expect, inspect, prospect, respect

vid-, vis- 看,看见

例: visible, vision, visual, evident, revise, visa, visitor, video

bi-, bio- 生命,生物

例: biochemistry, biography, biology

geo- 地,地球

例: geography, geometry, geology

gram 写,图形

例: graph, program, photograph, telegram

log- 言语,推理

例: logic, logical, apology, apologize, dialogue, monologue

cap-, capit-

例: cap, capital, captain, caption

cent(i) 百,百分之一

例: cent, century, centigrade, centimeter

-ion 行为.结果.状态 n )

例: creation, pollution, expansion, foundation, invitation, interpretation

-tude 表情况.性质 n

例: gratitude, longitude, multitude, solitude ,altitude

-ty 状态.性质

例: beauty, loyalty, safety, certainty (n

-ure 行为(结果).状态 n )

例: failure, mixture, closure, moisture

-y 情况,能力 n )

例: recovery, modesty, misery, mastery

-ette, -let n )

例: cassette, cigarette, tablet, booklet

-al 属于... a )

例: personal, musical, global, governmental

-ary ...相关的,属于... a )

例: secondary, elementary, planetary

-able, -ible ...的,可... adj )

例: desirable, agreeable, lovable, comfortable, possible, responsible

-ic 属于... adj )

例: civic, academic, graphic

-ive ...倾向的 (adj )

例: active, massive, constructive

-ate 做,造,成,使成分 v )

例: fascinate, decorate, evaporate

-fy 使成为 (v )

例: identify, purify, simplify, electrify, qualify

-ize, -ise (使 )成为(及物v后缀) v )

例: realize, mechanize, criticise

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